Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)

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Merry Christmas everyone! And while we're at it, wishes of a Happy New Year! LRS will come back in the beginning of - until then, check for live music gigs here! See you! Next week's Live Music suggestions: 19th to 25th December. One week until Christmas! Next week's Live Music suggestions: 12th to 18th December. Plus: lots of great live music to enjoy around Lisbon, what more can you wish for? Next week's Live Music suggestions: 5th to 11th December. Anyone can already see Christmas in the distance, so don't forget to make arrangements: if you're in Lisbon, there's a lot of great places to get your Xmas presents - like indie record shops!

MUVI Lisboa - 3rd edition. MUVI Lisboa is back! Lisbon's music-related indie film fest has returned for a 3rd edition - which starts tomorrow November the 29th, so don't fool around! This year, MUVI expands its horizons and, besides the usual good choice of documentaries feature and short films and music videos, as always sorted by competitive and non-competitive sections, it brings us some classics like Jim Henson's "Labyrinth" starring David Bowie and even live music concerts!

Music lovers and film buffs, consider yourself warned. The Portuguese constructions are parallel to the Spanish constructions most of the way. For example, we can say that the following, under most circumstances, are equivalents. Spanish Portuguese English habian escrito habriamos escrito habran escrito si hubiera escrito tinham escrito teriamos escrito terao escrito se tivesse escrito they had written we would have written they will have written if I had written Now, however, we come to a slight, but very important, excep- tion.

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To express the equivalent of the above Spanish examples, Portuguese would use the simple past I preterite tense. Thus : Spanish Portuguese he escrito escrevi hemos trabajado trabalhamos 3. Portuguese gostar de As you know, in Spanish if you want to express the idea that you like a certain thing you have to turn the thought around and say that that thing is pleasing to you. But you do not do this in Portuguese.

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You simply say that you like it, just as you do in English. Compare these examples. Notice that the preposition de must follow gostar. Spanish Portuguese Me gusta el libro. Eu gosto do livro. Me gustan esas chicas. Eu gosto dessas meninas. Nos gusta viajar. Nos gostamos de viajar. Les gusta estudiar. Portuguese haver in time expressions. Trabajo aqui desde hace dos anos.

Llegue hace dos meses. Cheguei dois meses. The patterning in these Portuguese utterances pretty closely parallels the patterning in the Spanish. The difference is in the use of a form of haver cf. Spanish haber in a slot where you are accustomed to using a form of hacer. Estoy leyendo. Estaban almorzando. Usage of Ser and Estar The distribution of ser and estar in Portuguese is very nearly the same as it is in Spanish.

Observe these instances of identical usage. Time: Son las tres. Sao tres.

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Possession : Nouns : Son mios. Es medico.

Sao meus. Characteristics: Son bonitas. Sao bonitas. Passive voice: La carta fue escrita hoy. A carta foi escrita hoje. You will remember that Spanish uses the verb estar to state the location or position of a person or thing. Juan esta en California. California esta en los Estados Unidos. Los nirlos estan en el centro. El banco esta en el centro. In speaking Portuguese you will need to decide whether the location is fixed or transitory. If it is not geographically fixed, but transitory or tem- porary in nature, estar will be your choice. Os meninos estao no centro.

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Joao esta na California. Portuguese frequently uses the verb f icar in place of ser to indicate fixed location. This is analogous to the Spanish verb guedar not quedarse substituting for estar under the same circumstances. Spanish Portuguese El hotel esta en la calle quince. Two New Verb Categories 1. Future subjunctive. One of the major differences between Portuguese grammar and Spanish grammar is the fact that Portuguese has a very active future subjunctive, whereas Spanish does not.

As you know, the future subjunctive is quite rare in conversational Spanish, being reserved, for the most part, for rather formal and literary speech. This is not so in Portuguese. The Portuguese future subjunctive is an everyday occurrence in the speech of nearly every native speaker of the language. You will soon see that in many instances Portuguese uses a future subjunctive where Spanish uses a present subjunctive.

For example, Portuguese calls for a future subjunctive after such conjunctions as quando , logo que , assim que , depois que , se , and others, when the reference is to future time. Spanish present subjunctive 1. Tan pronto como sepamos se lo decimos. Portuguese future subjunctive Quando eu for, vou de aviao.

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Logo que soubermos , lhe dizemos. Pienso almorzar despu6s Penso almoqar depois que que ellos salgan. Voy a decirle cuando Vou dizer-lhe quando llegue. Mientras ellos esten alii. Enquanto eles estiverem no voy. Spanish, you recall, cannot use a present subjunctive under such circum- stances.

Normally, a simple present tense would be used. Spanish Portuguese i. Voy si ee posible. Vou se for possivel. Si usted no puede , Se o senhor nao puder , aviseme. Personal infinitive We come now to another major structural difference. Spanish does not do this. The ' actor -marker s' that Portuguese uses are the first and third plural endings -mos and -em. There are no endings for the singular. As a Spanish speaker you will have to deal with conflicts that the Portuguese personal infinitive sets up with some of your Spanish subjunctive patterns.

In other words, the personal infinitive is very often used in Portuguese where a subjunctive would be normal in Spanish. This is observable when the verb in question follows after: a.

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  4. Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)
    Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)
    Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)
    Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)
    Pretérito quase perfeito (Portuguese Edition)

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