To this day, Utah allows condemned murders to face execution by firing squad rather than methods that do not shed the criminal's blood, such as lethal injection or the electric chair. Publishes the Solar Space-Letter. Book of Changes: See I Ching. Born Again: Biblical term used to describe regeneration John Some New Age followers teach that the term was Christ's reference to reincarnation or rebirthing. In context, Jesus was speaking of a spiritual event effected by God through the Holy Spirit see verses to restore a sinful, fallen human to right relationship with Him see verses See Gospel.
Brahma: The creator and first member of the triad of demigods in Hinduism , including Shiva and Vishnu. Brainwashing: Forced indoctrination using various techniques to cause a subject to abandon basic political, social, or religious ideas or beliefs and replace those ideals with a contrasting belief system. A translation of a Chinese word xinao, "brainwashing" became a popular term to describe the phenomena of radical change in behavior and core beliefs that took place in some prisoners of war held in Chinese camps in the mid-twentieth century.
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In a more general sense, the word is sometimes used to describe any form of persuasion perceived to be unethical that results in a radical and negative change in personality. See Lifton, Robert , Mind Control. David Koresh A. Vernon Howell was leader from to He and many of his most devout followers were killed when their headquarters near Waco, TX, was destroyed by fire in during a government raid. Taught knowledge of the Seven Seals of the Book of Revelation brought salvation.
Many followers still believe Koresh's messianic claims and expect him to be resurrected soon.
Branham, William, : Oneness Pentecostal preacher who claimed he received healing and prophetic powers from an angel. Denied the Trinity , taught the serpent seed doctrine, and rejected other Pentecostal and traditional Christian churches.
Timeline: The Early History of the Mormons | American Experience | Official Site | PBS
The group requires renouncing both family and worldly possessions in order to earn salvation see Salvation by works. Members travel nomadically, earning their nickname because of their practice of eating discarded food. Family members note that Roberts hides relatives, moving the individuals to avoid familial contact.
Note: This group is not affiliated with the Church of the Brethren, an Anabaptist denomination. Brinkley, Dannion: As chronicled in his bestseller Saved by the Light, Brinkley allegedly underwent a near-death experience after being struck by lightning. He teaches people to perform "life reviews" to enhance their perception of life and death and to find their life missions. The monarchs of England sit on the throne of David.
See Christian Identity Movement , Serpent seed doctrine. Also known as Center of Light and Life. Brotherhood of the White Temple, Inc. The Bruderhof Community: A communal society started in Germany in the s and based on the sixteenth-century Moravian Anabaptist sect of Jacob Hutter, which was part of the Radical Reformation.
The group is also called the Society of Brothers and the Hutterian Brethren. The basic theology of the group is Protestant but, according to former members and other critics, the group exercises inappropriate control over the members and practices shunning and other forms of spiritual abuse. Buddha: Siddhartha Gautama Buddha "enlightened one" was born about BC in northeastern India and, according to legend, received spiritual enlightenment through meditation. During his lifetime, his spiritual insights and teachings became a major alternative to Hinduism throughout India.
Diverse versions of his teachings can be found worldwide today.
See Buddhism. Buddhism: World religion based on the spiritual teachings of Siddhartha Gautama Buddha. There are a number of versions or sects of Buddhism generally teaching paths to Nirvana enlightenment or bliss though the four noble truths recognizing existence and source of suffering and the eightfold path correct understanding, behavior and meditation.
The name comes from the culmination of the festival, in which a wooden man with outstretched arms resembling a crucifix is burned by the crowd. Cabalah: See Kabbalah. Caelum Moor, Arlington, TX: Private park now closed containing menhirs large upright stones similar to those found at Stonehenge. Newspaper reports claim trespassers have used the site for pagan ceremonies.
See Stonehenge. Very influential in the public school arena. He helped popularize Native American shamanism , the hallucinogenic peyote , and New Age occultism. Publishes the Castle Rising newsletter. Catholicism: See Roman Catholicism. Celestine Prophecy, The: A best-selling New Age book by James Redfield that teaches enlightenment through the fictional "Nine Insights" contained in secret manuscripts written by Maya natives in the jungles of Peru.
Celticism, Celts: The Celts were a group of related tribes whose territory extended throughout Europe early in the first millennium AD , but who are most commonly associated with the British Isles. The Celts worshipped local deities frequently associated with nature , often served by a priestly class of Druids. Human sacrifice was important to Druidic religion. Modern neo-pagans frequently claims to be Celtic, although the modern beliefs and practices bear little resemblance to ancient Celticism. Celtic Christianity: Augustine of Canterbury evangelized England in the late 6th?
His work was later taken by Patrick to Ireland, who is largely credited with establishing the Celtic church. Celtic Christianity was heavily influenced by the Roman Catholic Church, to which it was allied, although many individuals claim a greater reverence for nature in the Celtic tradition.
Differences in practice within the Celtic church were gradually eradicated during the Middle Ages as the Roman papacy asserted its authority over Ireland. Modern groups that claim to revive Celtic Christianity are frequently a mixture of Protestantism and Roman Catholicism , with few legitimate ties to the early Celtic church.
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Nonetheless, these groups should not be confused with neo-pagan groups that also claim to be Celtic. He and his work, which is frequently supportive of new religions, are often used by alternative religious groups to support their activities when pursuing governmental recognition.
Publishes the Interconnections newsletter.
Mormon missionary, 26, reveals the horrific conditions he faced in Venezuelan prison
Publishes The Light Journal. The Centers Network: See est. Occult spells , hexes, curses, voodoo , witchcraft see Wicca. Chakras: New Age , said to be centers for cosmic energy in the human body that are aligned to allow the Kundalini energy to proceed from the base of the spine to the top of the forehead. Channeling: New Age term for the occult practice of Spiritualism also called trance channeling. Spirit beings, Ascended Masters , deceased humans, familiar spirits , or animal spirits allegedly communicate important messages by temporarily entering the body and controlling the voice of a host channel or medium.
Most channelers give the same basic message, that man is a God. Chi: Invisible energy or force alleged to make up the universe and flow through all living things via meridians or chakras. See Taoism , Yin and Yang , Acupuncture. Publishes the MU News. Chinmoy, Sri: Hindu philosophy , meditation. Chiromancy: See Palm Reading.
Chiropractic Medicine: A holistic health practice whereby practitioners use a form of manipulative therapy to treat musculoskeletal problems. While many chiropractors are not engaging in alternative religious activities via their practice, critics claim that some chiropractors engage in chiropractic medicine in accordance with the Taoist principle of facilitating the flow of chi. See Ayurvedic Medicine. Christ: Based on the Greek christos meaning "anointed one," equivalent to the Hebrew "messiah. Christians believe this to be Jesus of Nazareth, who died to atone for human sin.
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Other religions believe in a succession of Christ figures through history, sometimes including Jesus, who were great teachers. New Age groups sometimes understand the term "Christ" as a reference to the deity found in all humanity the Cosmic Christ. Thus, Jesus was conscious of his deity or "the Christ within" and others can have this same " Christ-consciousness " by realizing that they, too, are divine. Other religious leaders have historically claimed to hold the office or ministry of Christ including Unification Church founder Rev.
Sun Myung Moon. Biblical warnings are given for "false Christs" Mark Christ-consciousness: New Age term expressing the belief that Christ is a divine potential in all human beings of which only some people are aware or conscious, rather than a unique title for Jesus. Lightening Amen, claims to be the incarnation of Jesus.
Followers dress in robes, no shoes, practice vegetarianism. Also rejects the ideas of heaven and hell. It has several splinter groups. Christian Identity movement: The belief that the true identity of the ten lost tribes of Israel is the white, Anglo-Saxon race.
The belief is similar to but distinct from the doctrine of British Israelism. A number of independent churches and organizations including some militant racist groups make up the general movement. Most deny the Trinity. Some teach a form of the Serpent Seed doctrine, believing that Jews are descendants of Eve's alleged sexual relations with the serpent Genesis 3 and are thus not fully human.
Many also hold that non-Whites are descended from the union of Cain and a woman from a supposed pre-Adamite race. Publishes The New Creation periodical.
Related Brief Chronological History of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints in the Caribbean
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